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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MONTEIRO DA SILVA, Maria da Conceição et al. Determinants of postpartum weight variation in a cohort of adult women: a hierarchical approach. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.660-670. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6391.

Introduction: Retention of the weight gained during pregnancy or the weight gain postpartum has been associated with increased prevalence of obesity in women of childbearing age. Objective: To identify determinants of weight variation at 24 months postpartum in women from 2 towns in Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Dynamic cohort data of 325 adult women were collected for 24 months postpartum. Weight variation at 24 months postpartum was considered a response variable. Socioeconomic, demographic, reproductive, related with childbirth variables and lifestyle conditions were considered exposure variables. A linear mixed-effects regression model with a hierarchical approach was used for data analysis. Results: Suitable sanitary conditions in the household (2.175 kg; p = 0.001) and participation social programs for income transfer (1.300 kg; p = 0.018) contributed to weight gain in distal level of determinants, while at intermediate level, pre gestational overweight and surgical delivery had effects on postpartum weight, causing an average increase of 3.380 kg (p < 0.001) and loss of 2.451 kg (p < 0.001), respectively. At proximal level, a score point increase for breastfeeding yielded an average post-partum loss of 70 g (p = 0.002). Conclusion: Our results indicate the need to promote weight control during and after pregnancy, encourage extended breastfeeding, and improve living conditions through intersectoral interventions.

Keywords : Postpartum weight; Risk factors; Hierarchical approach; Adult women; Cohort study.

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