SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.28 número3Análisis de la ingesta alimentaria y hábitos nutricionales en una población de adolescentes de la ciudad de GranadaEl consumo de huevos podría prevenir la aparición de deficiencia de vitamina D en escolares índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

BARJA, Salesa et al. Anemia and iron deficiency in children with chronic respiratory diseases. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.787-793. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6452.

Introduction: Children with chronic respiratory disease (CRD) are at increased risk of iron deficiency and anemia, which is under-diagnosed. Aim: To describe the iron (Fe) status in children with CRD and to evaluate the effects of its prophylactic indication. Method: Prospective study of children with CRD and adequate Fe intake in the diet. At baseline we measured hemogram, C-reactive protein and Fe profile. Subsequently, those with normal plasma hemoglobin (Hb) were not supplemented with Fe (Group A) and those with iron deficiency anemia or at risk of developing it (group B) were supplemented. We evaluated them 3 months later and, after supplementing all, at 4th month. Results: Of 40 patients, median 30 months old (0.5 to 178), 60% were male, 80% eutrophic. Ventilation or oxygen were required in 45%. Diagnoses: 50% Chronic Lung Damage, 17.5% airway diseases, 10% Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, 7.5% Cystic Fibrosis and 13.5% other. At baseline 20% were anemic (mostly ferropenic) and 12.5% had an abnormal iron profile. At all, 25 children completed the study: in group A, serum ferritin decreased to 3th month (-22.9 ± 30) and incremented to 4th month (+12.8 ± 26) µg/L (p = 0.013), without difference in Hb. Group B had a rise in Hb (91 ± 12 to 102 ± 12% of the mean for age, p = 0.04). Conclusion: Anemia and ferropenia are frequent in children with CRD. Decrease of their iron reserves can be prevented if they are supplemented. We suggest monitoring properly and treating early or supplement them prophylactically.

Palabras clave : Anemia; Iron; Chronic respiratory diseases; Children.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons