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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ PERALTA, Laura I.; MANAS VERA, M.ª Reyes; GARCIA DELGADO, Manuel J.  and  PEREZ DE LA CRUZ, Antonio J.. Endocarditis caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum and parenteral nutrition. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.3, pp.961-964. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6444.

Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves the quality of life of the patients although it has complications. Catheter-related infections and mechanical complications are the most frequent ones. We report the case of endocarditis over catheter in a man suffering from short bowel and receiving HPN. The special features of the case are firstly the catheter was a remaining fragment on the right atrial and secondly the infection was caused by Trichoderma longibrachiatum, an isolated fact regarding this pathology so far. Conventional surgery was applied to take the catheter out. Staphylococcus epidermidis, Ochrobactrum anthropi and Trichoderma longibrachiatum were isolated from the surgical specimen. The extraction of the infected catheter along with antibiotic therapy led to the complete recovery of the subject. Ochrobactrum anthropi and Trichoderma longibrachiatum are unusual microorganisms but they are acquiring more relevance. Although there is no agreement about intravascular retained catheter management, the most recommended approach consists on monitoring them and removing the device in case of complications.

Keywords : Endocarditis; Home parenteral nutrition; Catheter-related infection; Trichoderma longibrachiatum.

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