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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

VASQUEZ-MORALES, Andrea; WANDEN-BERGHE, Carmina  y  SANZ-VALERO, Javier. Exercise and nutritional supplements: effects of combined use in people over 65 years; a systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.4, pp.1077-1084. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.4.6658.

Objective: To systematically review the evidence in the scientific literature about the influence and effects of nutritional supplements on muscle mass and strength when combined with exercise training in healthy elderly. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Was selected scientific literature databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI, CINAHL, Cochrane and LILACS Given an inclusion criterion only randomized clinical trials (RCT) and excluding documents not based their study in healthy elderly and did not implement a training program. Results: Of the 8 articles selected for the review, some studies supplement combined with various forms of training and other supplements with different training resistance. The supplements were administered: Protein supplementation (drinkable), Creatine, Vitamin D and calcium. The resistance training was assigned with: weights, elastic bands, machines, balance, guidance exercises and aerobic exercise. Conclusions: - Combine exercise supplementation, regardless reinforces the effects each can have on improving strength, balance and speed. - The improvement of the musculoskeletal system enhances mobility, contributing to the prevention of Sarcopenia and prolongation of the independence and autonomy of older people. - The use of supplements should be subject to an analysis of daily nutritional intake, individual energy demands and the choice of a physical endurance exercise practiced and extended in time, to preserve the benefits.

Palabras clave : Exercise; Muscle strength; Dietary supplements; Sarcopenia; Aged.

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