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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

CARDOSO CHAVES, Otaviana et al. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters in adolescents and their relationship with eating habits and household food availability. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.4, pp.1352-1356. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.4.6467.

Objectives: To evaluate the per capita availability of energy and macronutrients in the home and frequency of food consumption by adolescents and to relate them with anthropometric and biochemical variables, as well as verify if the eating habits of parents are associated to the children. Methods: We evaluated the weight, height, body fat (%BF), glucose, insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC) and fractions of 120 adolescents. We evaluated also the eating habits of adolescents and their parents. Results: Adolescents with more than 35% of available lipids had 9.1-fold higher chances of presenting alterations in TC. Those who replaced the main meals for snacks had 3.66, 4.66 and 2.82 higher chances of presenting alterationsin %BF, insulin and triglycerides, respectively. The daily consumption of fruit was considered as a protective factor in relation to hyperinsulinemia. There was a similar feeding behavior among adolescents and their mothers. Conclusion: The results suggest the importance of specific attention to adolescent health, focused on family education.

Palabras clave : Adolescents; Nutritional status; Food consumption; Parents.

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