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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

AGUILAR CORDERO, M. J.; NERI SANCHEZ, M.; MUR VILLAR, N.  and  GOMEZ VALVERDE, E.. Influence of the social context on the body image perception of women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.5, pp.1453-1457. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6517.

In Western cultures, female breasts are strongly related to the world of sexuality and physical attractiveness, although this can vary according to the social context. Objective: To determine the influence of social context on the body image perception of women undergoing breast cancer surgery. Material and method: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed. Study settings were the State Oncology Center of the ISSEMyM (Social Security Institute of the State of Mexico and its Municipalities) in Toluca (Mexico) and San Cecilio University Hospital in Granada (Spain). The study sample comprised 72 mastectomized females, 30 from Mexico and 42 from Spain. Data were gathered on their sociodemographic variables, self-reported personal and family clinical histories, and scores on the validated Hopwood Body Image Scale (BIS). Results: In the Spanish group of mastectomized women, 67.7% were in active employment compared with 43.3% of the Mexican group, a significant difference (p < 0.05). Body image perception was superior in women connected to the world of work and with a higher educational level. The women in a more developed social context had a significantly (p < 0.05) better body image perception. Conclusions: The social context of masectomized women affects their body image perception, which is influenced by their occupation and educational level.

Keywords : Social context; Body image; Breast cancer.

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