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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ROSETY-RODRIGUEZ, Manuel et al. A short-term training program reduced acute phase proteins in premenopausal women with metabolic syndrome. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.5, pp.1604-1609. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6747.

Introduction: It is accepted low grade systemic inflammation plays a key role in metabolic syndrome. Further, several studies have reported it may be considered a therapeutic target. Accordingly, this study was conducted to ascertain the impact of a short-term aerobic training program on acute phase proteins in women with metabolic syndrome. Material and methods: A total of 135 adult women (38.4 ± 3.3 years) with metabolic syndrome volunteered for this study. Participants assigned to the intervention group underwent a 12-week aerobic training program, 3 sessions/week. The main part of each exercise sessions was performed in a treadmill at moderate intensity (60-75% HRmax; increasing 5% each 3 weeks) for 25-40 minutes (increasing 5 minutes each 3 weeks). Physical fitness was determined by a continuous maximal incremental test. Further, fat mass percentage and indices of obesity were assessed. Plasmatic levels of C reactive protein (CRP-us) and fibrinogen were determined by nephelometry and HPLC respectively. This protocol was approved by an Institutional Ethics Committee. Results: Aerobic training improved physical fitness and reduced both fat mass percentage and indices of obesity. Compared with baseline, it also reduced significantly plasmatic levels of CRP-us (4.90 ± 0.7 vs. 3.77 ± 0.4 mg/l; p = 0.017) and fibrinogen (3.88 ± 0.4 vs. 3.36 ± 0.2 g/l; p = 0.025). Further, a moderate correlation was found between CRP-us and waist circumference (r = 0.66; p = 0.008). No significant changes were found in controls. Conclusion: A short-term, aerobic training program reduced acute phase proteins in young women with metabolic syndrome. Further, long-term, well-conducted studies are still required to determine whether correction of this low-grade inflammation improves clinical outcomes of women with metabolic syndrome.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; Exercise; Acute phase proteins.

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