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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

SAMANO, Reyna et al. Association of consumption of carbonated beverages and decalcification in woman on reproductive and non-reproductive age of Mexico city. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.5, pp.1750-1756. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6773.

Introduction and objective: There is not enough information about carbonated beverages (CB) consumption in Mexican women and its association with bone mineral density (BMD). The objective was to identify the association of CB consumption with BMD in two groups of Mexican women. Methods: Transversal study with 328 women in reproductive age (WRA) and not reproductive (WNRA) with diet and anthropometric evaluation and BMD. Results: Mean age of 18.7 years in WRA and 47 in WNRA. Energy adequacy percentage was lower in WNRA (98 ± 28% vs 144 ± 55) (p = 0.001), calcium intake was < 700 mg/day in women with osteopenia of both groups and median consumption of CB was higher in WRA, with 200 mL/day (0-462) vs 0 (0-250) in WNRA (p = 0.001), WRA with osteopenia drank 500 mL/day (253-750) of CB vs 100 (0-200) in who had not (p = 0.001). Anthropometric parameters were higher in WNRA (p < 0.002) and femoral neck BMD was lower (1.031 ± 0.14 vs 1.107 ± 0.10) (p = 0.001) and higher in L2-L4 (1.114 ± 0.13 vs 1.003 ± 0.09) (p = 0.001) in WRA. Variables associated with risk of osteopenia: drink CB (OR 11.186, p = 0.001), consuming < 700 mg of calcium (OR 5.774, p = 0.001) and dinner no milk (OR 1.942, p = 0.042). Conclusions: To drink CB increases risk of osteopenia in both groups, WRA drink more CB than WNRA and they will have high probability of fractures younger.

Keywords : Bone disease; Bone density; Carbonated beverages.

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