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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

GOMEZ-MIRANDA, Luis Mario; JIMENEZ-CRUZ, Arturo  y  BACARDI-GASCON, Montserrat. Randomized clinical trials on the sugar sweetened beverages on adiposity in older than 13 y: systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.6, pp.1792-1796. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.6.6769.

Introduction: An association between consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and metabolic diseases has been observed. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze randomized clinical trials (RCT) of 18 or more weeks of intervention among > 13 year old individuals, which examined the consumption of SSB on adiposity indicators. Methods: An electronic literature search was conducted in the PubMed database of RCT studies published up to April 10th, 2013. Term used for this search was "Sugar Sweetened Beverages". Results: Four studies were found. In one of the studies, after the reduction of SSB consumption, a small reduction of BMI was observed (p = 0.045). Another study showed that the reduction of 355 ml/day was associated with a weight loss of 0.7 kg (95% CI: 0.2-1.1, p = 0.01). In a different study, in the group consuming regular Coke, an increase in the visceral: abdominal subcutaneous fat ratio, was observed (p = 0.01). In another study, there were no differences on adiposity between the intervention and control groups. Conclusion: The results of this review indicate a trend toward an effect of the consumption of SSB on adiposity.

Palabras clave : Review; Dietary supplements; Cervical cancer; Chemopreventive; Palliative.

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