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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

MASUET-AUMATELL, Cristina et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from Cochabamba (Bolivia): a cross-sectional study. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.6, pp.1884-1891. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.6.6881.

Background: The anthropometric status of school age children and young adolescents in Andean countries is not well known. Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obese children and adolescents in the Cochabamba region (Bolivia), and their relationship with different variables, as well as to determine the agreement between two classifications (BAP, IOTF) of obesity and overweight. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional survey (n = 441) was carried out in 2010 in pupils, aged 5 to 16 years old, living in the Cochabamba region (Bolivia). Evaluations were based on parent-administered questionnaires and a physical examination based on anthropometric measures. Descriptive, bivariate, and concordance analyses were performed. Results: The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity were 20.9% (CI95% 17.1-24.7) and 3.2% (CI 95% 1.6-4.8) respectively, with higher incidences in younger birth cohorts from rural areas. No differences were observed according to gender, parent's educational level, nutritional patterns, or physical activity. There was a moderate agreement globally and on overweight, and excellent on obesity. Conclusions: This study determined that the prevalence of overweight and obese Bolivian school children is increasing, mainly in younger birth cohorts from rural areas, independently from physical activity and energy intake.

Palabras clave : Children; Adolescents; Bolivia; Overweight; Obesity.

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