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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

MIGUEZ BERNARDEZ, Montserrat; CASTRO SOBRINO, Laura; COLLINS GREENE, Ashleigh  y  MONTANA MIGUELEZ, Julia de la. Variations of the diet of Galician university students (Ourense campus) in relation to the pattern of the cardioprotective Mediterranean diet. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.6, pp.2099-2106. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.6.6940.

Previous epidemiological studies have observed that adherence to Mediterranean Diet is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, but also evident in literature are the changes in the dietary habits of the Mediterranean countries which show a departure from Mediterranean patterns. The objective of this work was to estimate the variations of the diet of Galician university students (Ourense Campus), between 2011 and 2013, in relation to the pattern of the cardioprotective Mediterranean diet. A total of 726 university students participated (344 at 2011 and 382 at 2013). A short questionnaire of adherence to a cardioprotective Mediterranean diet was used and the height and weight of each participant was recorded and BMI (Body Mass Index) was calculated. The majority of participants were normal weight. In 2013 there was an increase in low weight and obesity in women and a decrease in the prevalence of normal and overweight. In men an increase of a low weight and normal weight was observed and a decrease in the prevalence of overweight/obesity in men. In the two years studied, it was observed that there is low to intermediate adherence of students to the cardioprotective Mediterranean diet, with less adherence observed in 2013 to the Mediterranean diet, for both sexes. The dietary habits observed in 2013 have shown that the population is distancing its diet from the cardioprotective pattern of the Mediterranean diet, a decrease in the consumption of vegetables, fish, whole-grain cereals and olive oil and an increase consumption of meat. 90% of these university students need to modify their eating habits to conform to a heart-healthy diet.

Palabras clave : Cardioprotective; Mediterranean diet; University students; BMI (Body Mass Index).

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