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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

PEREZ-TORRES, Almudena  y  GRUPO DE NUTRICION RENAL DE LA PAZ et al. Evaluation of a nutritional intervention program in advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD) patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.6, pp.2252-2260. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.6.6885.

Introduction and Objectives: Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease (ACKD) is associated with high prevalence of malnutrition. The habitual continuous dietary restrictions used in clinical practice. increased the malnutrition risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a Nutritional intervention Program (NIP) on renal function and nutritional status in patients with ACKD. Patients and Methods: 93 patients, (53.7% men, 66 ± 17 years) were included in a prospective longitudinal study. The patients recived a NIP during 6 months with mensual visits. At baseline and six months the outcome assessed were: nutritional status by Chang criteria, anthropometric, dietetic and biochemical parameters (albumin, prealbumin, creatinine clearance, serum phosphorus, potassium, total-Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, and PCR). Results: After intervention, caloric intake decreased in nourished patients (1833 ± 318 vs 1571 ± 219 kcal p = .001). and it was constant in malnourished patients. The intake of protein (69,9 ± 16,6 vs 54,9 ± 11 g p < 0.001), potassium (2938 ± 949 vs 2377 ± 743 mg p < 0.001) and phosphorus (1180 ± 304 vs 946,6 ± 211 mg p < 0.001) significantly decreased. 16.5% patients required supplementation. A total of 41.7% of patients were malnourished at baseline (27.8% mild, 10.10% moderate and 3.8% severe), and 16.8% at the end (8% mild, 5% moderate and 3.8% severe) by Chang criteria. At the end of NIP, patients significantly increased creatinine clearance (17,8 ± 5,2 vs 19,4 ± 6,9 ml/min, p < 0,01), albumin (3,3 ± 0,5 vs. 3,5 ± 0,4 g/dL, p < 0,05), and decreased serum potassium (4,8 ± 0,6 vs 4,5 ± 0,5 mmol/L, p < 0,05), total cholesterol (179,8 ± 44,3 vs 170,0 ± 15,1 mg/dL, p < 0,05), LDL (113,2 ± 37,0 vs 108,3 ± 27,3 mg/dL, p < 0.01) and tryglicerides (141.9 ± 60.8 vs 129.9 ± 52.7 mg/dL, p < 0.05). Conclusions: The study reflected a NIP usefulness in the nutritional status and renal function improvements within an interdisciplinary framework during ACKD consultations.

Palabras clave : Kidney failure chronic; Malnutrition; Nutritional support.

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