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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

LATORRE ROMAN, P.A. et al. Relationship between sex, body composition, gait speed and body satisfaction in elderly people. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.4, pp.851-857. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2014.30.4.7669.

The purpose of this study is to analyzebody satisfaction in non-institutionalized old people and its association with sex, body mass index (BMI) and gait speed. Methods: Hundred six people have participated, 38 men (age=74.60 ±6.67 years old) and 68 women (age=72.76 ±4.68 years old). The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) has been used together with body composition and a gait speedtest. Results: Prevalence of body dissatisfaction in old people is about 5.6 %. Women have higher body fat percentage and less muscle mass. Significant differences were not found (p>0.05) in the BSQ relating with sex. Obese old people with less gait speed showed higher score in BSQ. The Total BSQ is positively correlated with BMI (r=0.487, p<0.01), fat percentage (r=0.371, p<0.01) and negatively correlated with gait speed (r=-0.215 p<0.05) and perceived health status (r=-0.269, p<0.05). Conclusion: Older people's body satisfaction is positively associated with the perception of health and gait speed and negatively with BMI.

Palabras clave : Elderly; Body image dissatisfaction; Physical fitness; Obesity.

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