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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

FERNANDEZ LOPEZ, María Teresa et al. Prevalence of malnutrition in non-critically ill inpatients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.6, pp.1375-1383. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2014.30.6.7784.

Background: Malnutrition is a frequent issue in our hospitals, and it is associated with an increase in morbi-mortality and financial costs, together with a decline in the patients' quality of life. This study is aimed at establishing the prevalence of malnutrition in our health centre, as much at admission as at discharge. Methods: Transversal observational study assessing 277 adult patients, who were admitted consecutively, and applying the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) in the first 48 hours from admission and then again at discharge. Cancer patients were also submitted the Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) was applied to the population of 65 and over. Results: 32.49% of patients were at malnutrition risk according to the results of NRS-2002 at admission. This percentage increased up to 40.98% at discharge. The NRS-2002 showed that 31.15% of cancer patients presented with nutritional risk; however, according to VGS-GP, 52.54% of the cases presented with nutritional risk to a certain extent (38.98% with moderate malnutrition and 13.56% with serious malnutrition). Among patients aged 65 and over, 29.31% were considered at risk according to the NRS-2002; the MNA-SF revealed nutritional alteration in 70.35% (54.65% with malnutrition risk, 15.7% with malnutrition). There are different groups of patients: 65 years old and over, transferred from the emergency department, multi-medicated, cancer patients and patients with heart failure, who present with a higher risk of nutritional deterioration at admission (p<0.05). Conclusions: There is a very high percentage of patients at nutritional risk in our centre, as much at admission as at discharge. It is therefore necessary to install a systematic screening of the nutritional status for all inpatients.

Palabras clave : Hospital malnutrition; Prevalence; Nutritional assessment.

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