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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

WANDEN-BERGHE, Carmina et al. Calidad de vida y sus factores determinantes en universitarios españoles de Ciencias de la SaludQuality of life and its determinants in Spanish university students of health sciences factors. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.952-958. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.2.8509.

Introduction: The quality of life of university students acquires special importance because it provides information about their life conditions and especially how they perceive it. Objetive: Evaluate the quality of life of students who are enrolled in health science studies and its relation with the following diverse factors: life and dietetic habits, anthropometric parameters and the influence of distinct variables on their perception. Methods: Transversal study of a sample of 1753 health science degree students of nine Spanish universities with a randomized design and stratified by course and faculty for which we applied an ad hoc questionnaire that considered all study variables. Results: The quality of life (QoL) perceived by the participants had a Median of 75. The factors that were explored about the quality of life correlated significantly with their global perception of it (p<0.001). Three dimensions were established and the impact of each one of them on their global perception of QoL was p<0.001. Men perceived better QoL then women and the students with lower Body Mass Index (BMI). Conclusions: University students are a key population for realizing health promotion and prevention activities therefore it is necessary to develop and provide better infrastructures and educative resources in order to enhance their QoL and to promote healthier habits and life styles with special attention on dietetics habits and the performance of an adequate physical activity.

Palabras clave : Quality of life; Life style; Anthropometry; Food Habits; Cardiovascular risk.

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