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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


IGLESIAS LOPEZ, María Teresa; CUESTA SANTA TERESA, Elvira  and  SAEZ CRESPO, Antonio. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.966-974. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: In most Western countries young people adopt lifestyles that adversely affect their health, thus increasing the risk of premature onset of chronic diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare patterns of habits in pre-university and university students in west-central area of Madrid. Materials and methods: Descriptive longitudinal study with randomly selected students from Madrid in Madrid universities and schools-institutes. Accepting to participate 1590 students of both sex: 653 males (4,1%) and 937 women (58,9%). To facilitate the study were classified into < 17 years (pre university) and > 18 years (university). Results: BMI, physical activity, alcohol consumption and negative habits with regard to food consumption was studied. Almost 80% have normal weight, are more active pre-university. Conclusions: Gender differences were observed, which should guide the actions of intervention in terms of physical activity or habits. It seems essential to make nutritional programs as well as psychosocial intervention in adolescents and youth to prevent and/or reduce alcohol consumption.

Keywords : Habits; Secondary education; University students; Madrid.

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