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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

MARTINEZ-RODRIGUEZ, Alejandro. Effects of diet and aerobic or anaerobic exercises on eating disorders. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.1240-1245. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8131.

Introduction: Endurance exercises have a direct influence on aerobic capacity. To improve this quality is necessary develop an extensive and continuous training sessions. However anaerobic exercise requires low volume of training and high intensity to sport performance. In aerobic or anaerobic exercise is obvious to state that weight reduction must be performed from the body fat component, furthermore is an important point of view from the last years. Therefore, it is of vital importance to control the strategies used by the athletes in order to obtain the correct weight and avoid eating disorders. Objective: identify differences comparing for groups that develop aerobic or anaerobic exercises, and concerns related to eating disorders, dietetic habits and physical activity. Method: 206 trained men were examined and participated in the study, that can be screened using the validated EAT-26 questionnaire, Predimed fat-free diet questionnaire and Spanish short version of the Minessota Leisure Time Physical Activity questionnaire. Results: Athletes who practice aerobic physical activity showed higher values at majority of EAT-26 scales and total score. When this population increased their training sessions presented higher scores of Oral Control. The effects of consuming supplementation increases EAT-26 scores and eating disorder predisposition. In addition, high-structured training session increases EAT-26 scores and eating disorder predisposition too. Discussion: Practice aerobic physical activities seem to show a greater predisposition to the presence of TCA in athletes.

Palabras clave : Physical activity; Eating disorders; Eating habits; Fat-free diet.

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