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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

CASTRO-SEPULVEDA, Mauricio et al. Hydration status after exercise affect resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.1273-1277. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8523.

Introduction: Heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate are commonly to assess athlete's physiological status and energy requirements. Exercise-induced dehydration can reach up to 5% of body mass per hour. Consequently, dehydration may have a profound physiological effect on human's homeostasis. Objectives: To compare the effects of dehydration and rehydration after exercise on heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate in college athletes. Methods: 14 college athletes were divided into a dehydration group (n=7) and a rehydration group (n=7), both submitted to basal (T1) heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate measurements. After basal measurements both groups were actively dehydrated (-3.4 ± 0.4% of body mass for both groups). Afterwards, dehydration group rested, while rehydration group receive a fluid intake (during a 3 h period) equivalent to 150% of body mass loss achieved during active dehydration. Four hours after active dehydration heart rate variability and resting metabolic rate were re-assessed (T2). Results: At T2 both rehydration group (+13%) and dehydration group (+30%) achieve a significant (p<0.05) increase in resting metabolic rate, however, only dehydration group ..showed a significant reduction in heart rate variability. More so, the change in resting metabolic rate was significantly higher in dehydration group compared to rehydration group. Discussion: Hydric homeostasis after exercise affects resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability, highlighting the necessity to control hydration state before resting metabolic rate and heart rate variability assessment.

Palabras clave : Dehydration; Rehydration; Heart rate variability; Resting metabolic rate; Physiological test; Exercise.

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