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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

QUERO ALFONSO, Angel I.; FERNANDEZ CASTILLO, Rafael; FERNANDEZ GALLEGOS, Ruth  y  GOMEZ JIMENEZ, Francisco Javier. Study of serum albumin and bmi as nutritional markers in hemodialysis patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.1317-1322. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8084.

Background: Protein calorie malnutrition as well as systemic inflammation and metabolic disorders are common among patients with chronic renal failure undergoing renal replacement therapy (haemodialysis), which contributes to its morbidity and mortality. Aims: The aims of this work was to evaluate the nutritional status of patients in a hemodialysis treatment through the assessment of biochemical parameters nutritional as albumin, and anthropometric parameters of body mass index during ten years of follow up. Methods: In this work has been followed 90 patients of both sexes with chronic kidney disease who were treated with hemodialysis regularly on our unit for ten years. All patients were conducted quarterly measurements of plasma albumin (Alb), and other biochemical determinations, and anthropometric measurements of height, weight and body mass index calculated by the formula weight/height2, grouped n BMI < 23 kg/m2 and albumin levels <3.8 g/dl according to the consensus of the panel of experts of the International Society for renal Nutrition and metabolism. Results: During the 10 years all patients showed a significant decline in the biochemical parameters and the albumin, change in BMI does not presented significant changes in relation to malnutrition. Conclusions: Malnutrition in patients on dialysis is a fact patent, BMI does not correspond with the biochemical parameters were observed, for what nutritional impairment in these patients is mainly expressed by serum albumin.

Palabras clave : Body Mass Index; Hemodialysis; Renal nutrition; Anthropometry; Renal disease.

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