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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

LOUREIRO, Carolina et al. Metabolic syndrome and its components are strongly associated with an inflammatory state and insulin resistance in the pediatric population. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.1513-1518. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8264.

Introduction: Endothelial inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) begin in childhood and constitute the pathophysiological basis of Metabolic Syndrome (MS). The increase levels in plasma of inflammatory markers such as high sensitive PCR (hsPCR), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and tests suggestive of IR such as Insulin (Ins) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) have been associated with MS in adults, but have not been studied in children. Objectives: Correlate the presence of MS and its components with the inflammatory and IR markers seen in the pediatric population. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 337 children (10,9±9,7 years) whose levels of hsPCR, PAI-1, Ins and ALT were determined, along with their association with MS and its individual components. Results: 37 children had MS (10,4%). The frequency of MS components was: abdominal obesity 38,5%, hypertension (HTN) 21,3%, hypertriglyceridemia 17,8%, HDL 21,3% and hyperglycemia 1,4%. hsPCR, PAI-1, ALT and Ins were higher in the presence of MS and increased progressively when components were came together. Conclusions: The pediatric population segment with MS had a higher concentration of hsPCR, PAI-1, Ins and ALT.These levels increase proportionally MS components add up, suggesting that even before diagnosis criteria are fulfilled there is a inflammatory state.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; Inflammatory markers; Obesity; Pediatric.

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