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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

RUEDA PAEZ, Elsy Victoria; MALDONADO OBANDO, Yohanna del Carmen  y  CABALLERO PEREZ, Luz Alba. Figures performance of glycemia in type 2 diabetic patients with intake of two breakfast with the same amount of carbohydrates. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.1558-1565. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8304.

Simple Carbohydrates (CHO) in the cardiometabolic risk, lead to the increase of blood glucose and to insulin levels and in the long-term to Diabetes Mellitus type 2( T2DM). Objective: To determine the behavior of glycemia figures in T2DM patients with intake of two breakfasts. Methodology: We evaluated by anthropometry, biochemical and clinical 14 patients with DM2 who were administered 2 breakfasts at different times with 50g of CHO represented in sweet biscuit and white bread. Results: alteration was evident in 92.8% of low-density cholesterol (Ldlc), Total Cholesterol (TC) and high density cholesterol (Hdlc) in 50% and triacylglycerol (TG) in 35.7%. The behavior of blood sugar for breakfast with a sweet biscuit did not show significant difference in the preprandial and postprandial figure at the 2 and 3 hours (p = 0.051 and 0.054 respectively) blood glucose 2 hours to 3 hours showed significance (p = 0.012). At breakfast with white bread the preprandial and postprandial blood glucose increased at the 2 hours (p = 0.006), while at the 3 hours, the number reported between 2 and 3 hours did not show significantly difference(p = 0.114 and 0.051 respectively). When comparing each of glycemia of the breakfasts in the preprandial periods at 2 and 3 hours, no statistically significant differences were found (p> 0.05). Conclusion: isocaloric amounts of carbohydrates of two eaten breakfasts on different days acted similarly in glycemia figures. Breakfast with cookie favor the diabetic population because of the ingredients used on its preparation given their dyslipidemia.

Palabras clave : Diabetes; Glycemia; Breakfast.

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