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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versão On-line ISSN 1699-5198versão impressa ISSN 0212-1611


BACA MOLINA, Giovanna Paola  e  PENA CORONA, Maribel. Prevalence of enteral patients with suboptimal feeding at centro medico Lic. Adolfo López Mateos. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.1597-1602. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background and Objective: In Mexico, 64% of hospitalized patients suffer from hospital undernourishment and up to 100% in the elderly patients, the causes have been studied, among the findings are: suboptimal feeding, length of hospital stay, catabolism present in various diseases, lack of interest or time staff working in hospitals among others. The aim of this study was to obtain the prevalence of suboptimal feeding in hospitalized patients with enteral support at the Centro Medico "Lic. Adolfo Lopez Mateos"( CMLALM) during the period August-October 2014. Methodology: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was designed; with a population of 52 patients with enteral support where the prevalence of patients with a suboptimal feeding from the ministration of enteral nutritional diet and caloric requirement set was analyzed during the period August to October 2014. Results: Measures of central tendency were used to obtain the percentage of patients with suboptimal feeding. The prevalence of suboptimal feeding patients was 71%, with higher prevalence among males (70%) and ranged in age between 51 years and 61 years (43%). The hospital's medical services departments where the highest prevalence of patients met with suboptimal feeding was internal medicine affecting 14 patients (38%), followed by neurosurgery with 7 patients (19%) and intensive care unit (ICU) with 7 patients (19%); being the night shift where he appeared in predominance suboptimal feeding. Conclusions: Suboptimal feeding affected 37 patients with enteral support which represent 71% of the study population; this figure is consistent with other similar studies. The main cause of the suboptimal feeding was a breach in the subministration of the enteral diet.

Palavras-chave : Prevalence; Enteral Support; Suboptimal feeding.

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