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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MARTINEZ-SEGURA, Asier; CORTES CASTELL, Ernesto; MARTINEZ-AMOROS, Natalia  and  RIZO-BAEZA, María Mercedes. Nutritional risk factors to users in dysmorphia muscular strength of room. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.1733-1737. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8488.

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and diet supplements used among gym users with muscle dysmorphia (MD) in the province of Alicante. Methodology: Several gymnasts weights-lift rooms of the urban area of Alicante were analyzed, collecting measurements of 141 (18-45 years of age) males that pursue an increase in their muscle mass. BMI (kg/m2), type and consume of diet supplements have been checked; and has been determined whether or not the presence of DM through the muscle scale satisfaction. Results: The sample consisted of 141 men, of whom 45 are with MD and 96 not. 89.9% and 71.9% use or have used diet supplements respectively. The consumption of supplements: proteins, carbohydrates and creatine have been significantly higher in MD´s users (p=0.007, p=0.016 and p=0.016 respectively). The Kidmed´s test results have not been significant according to the Chi-square test, but with a higher percentage of the Mediterranean diet in the group of those with DM. According to multivariate analysis are risk factors consuming supplements with an OR=3.4 (95%CI=1.1-10.9; p=0.041), being overweight with an OR=20.9 (95% CI=2.2-195.6; p =0.008) and obese with an OR=15.5 (95% CI=1.6-145.8; p=0.017). Conclusion: The use prevalence of diet supplements among MD and non-MD has relatively higher values compared to most studies. The most consumed diet supplements were protein, creatine and carbohydrates. The risk of suffering MD increases with the obesity degree and supplements consumption.

Keywords : Muscle dysmorphia; Vigorexia; Diet supplements; Mediterranean diet.

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