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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

CASALS, Cristina et al. Relationship between age, body mass index, dependency and quality of life in malnourished patients after hospital discharge. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.1863-1867. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8503.

Introduction: The quality of life assessment means investigating how patients perceive their disease. Malnutrition- specific characteristics make patients more vulnerable, so it is important to know how these factors impact on patients' daily life. Aim: To assess the quality of life in malnourished patients who have had hospital admission, and to determine the relationship of the quality of life with age, body mass index, diagnosis of malnutrition, and dependency. Method: Multicenter transversal descriptive study in 106 malnourished patients after hospital admission. The quality of life (SF-12 questionnaire), BMI, functional independency (Barthel index), morbidity, and a dietary intake evaluation were assessed. The relationship between variables was tested by using the Spearman correlation coefficient. Results: The patients of the present study showed a SF-12 mean of 38.32 points. The age was significantly correlated with the SF-12 (r= -0.320, p= 0.001). The BMI was correlated with the SF-12 (r= 0.251, p= 0.011) and its mental component (r= 0.289, p= 0.03). It was also reported a significant correlation between the Barthel index and the SF-12 (r= 0.370, p< 0.001). Conclusions: The general health perception in malnourished patients who have had a hospital admission was lower than the Spanish mean. Moreover, the quality of life in these patients is significantly correlated with age, BMI and functional independency.

Keywords : Nutritional status; Health status; Activities of daily living; Body weight; Patient admission.

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