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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

MIRANDA, Valter Paulo Neves et al. Inflammatory markers in relation to body composition, physical activity and assessment of nutritional status of the adolescents. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.5, pp.1920-1927. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.5.8586.

Introduction: The evaluation of inflammatory markers during adolescence can monitor different stages and manifestation of chronic diseases in adulthood. The control of the subclinical inflammation process through changes in lifestyle, especially in the practice of physical activity and dietary education can mitigate the effects of risk factors that trigger the process of atherosclerosis. Objective: To do a critical review regarding inflammatory markers as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease in relation to body composition, physical activity and assessment of nutritional status of adolescents. Methods: A literature review was performed in the following electronic databases: PUBMED, SCIELO and CONCHRANE COLLECTION. The following associated terms were used "inflammation AND cardiovascular diseases AND nutritional status OR body composition OR physical activity". There were topics created for the discussion of subjects: obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease during adolescence; expression of inflammatory markers in adolescence; development of cardiovascular disease with inflammatory markers, and finally, inflammatory markers, physical activity and nutritional evaluation. Results: It was observed that the inflammatory markers may manifest in adolescence and be related to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Physical activity and nutritional evaluation featured as non-pharmacological measures to control the incidence of inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risk factor.Conclusions: Intervention studies may clarify how the adoption of a more proper lifestyle can influence the inflammatory process.

Palabras clave : Inflammation; Cardiovascular Diseases; Body Composition; Physical Activity; Adolescents.

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