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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

LABAYEN, Idoia et al. Independent and combined influence of the FTO rs9939609 and MC4R rs17782313 polymorphisms on hypocaloric diet induced changes in body mass and composition and energy metabolism in non-morbid obese premenopausal women. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.5, pp.2025-2032. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.5.8666.

Purpose: To examine the independent and combined influence of the FTOrs9939609 and the MC4Rrs17782313 polymorphisms on changes in fat mass (FM), resting energy expenditure (REE), leptin, and thyrotropin (TSH) levels, after a 12-week energy-restricted diet intervention in non-morbid premenopausal obese women. Methods: Fat mass (dual X-ray absorptiometry), REE (indirect calorimetry) and plasma leptin and thyrotropin levels were measured (before and after the intervention) in 77 obese (BMI: 33.9±2.8kg/m2) women (age: 36.8±7.0y). Results: There were no significant differences across FTOrs9939609 genotype groups (TT vs. A allele carriers, Ps<0.1) on changes in body mass (-8.6±3.2% vs. -8.7±3.3 %), FM (12.8±4.7% vs. -12.9±6.3%), REE (-11.3±4.7 vs. -9.4±8.1%), leptin (-34.1±25.1% vs. -43.5±24.1%) or TSH (5.2±34.5% vs. -1.7±27.1%) levels. Moreover, it was not observed any significant difference on changes in body mass (-8.6±3.6% vs. -8.9±2.6%), FM (-12.7±6.1% vs. -13.4±5.3%), REE (-9.8±7.4% -9.4±9.4%), leptin (-39.0±26.9% vs. -44.8±18.4%) or TSH (-1.0±30.0% vs. 1.5±26.5%) levels between non-C allele carriers and C allele carriers of the MC4Rrs17782313 (Ps>0.3). Finally, there were no significant difference on changes in body mass and composition, REE, leptin or TSH levels allele risk of the MC4Rrs17782313, carriers of the A allele of the FTOrs9939609 and carriers of both risk alleles after the 12-week energy-restricted diet intervention (Ps>0.1). Conclusion: Carrying the A risk allele of the FTOrs9939609 and/or the C risk allele of the MC4Rrs17782313 did not influence body mass and FM loss, or REE decrease in obese women after a 12-week energy-restricted diet intervention.

Keywords : FTO; MC4R; SNP; Obesity; Resting energy expenditure; Body mass loss; Diet.

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