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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


MESSINA, Diego et al. Lipid - lowering effect of mate tea intake in dyslipidemic subjetcs. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.5, pp.2131-2139. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Mate is the national infusion of Argentina and its properties on human health have not been fully elucidated. Objective: To evaluate changes in lipid profile in dyslipidemic patients supplemented with yerba mate. Methods: 121 dyslipidemic subjects (total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol (LDLC) cholesterol and / or triglycerides (TG) elevated) without lipid-lowering therapy, both sexes (74 women and 47 men) between 40 and 60 years old were studied. After six weeks of mate abstinence, lipid profile and atherogenic index (AI), body composition by anthropometry and recent intake of energy, nutrients and food groups by food frequency questionnaire were analyzed. Daily consumption of mate prepared with 50g or 100g of yerba mate was indicated, plus the instruction not to alter eating habits, smoking, medication or exercise. All determinations were repeated after six and twelve weeks. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's T test for paired samples or Wilcoxon test according to normality of the variables (p <0.05). Results: At the end of twelve weeks, TC fell 9.49% (21.66mg/dL), LDLC fell 11.95% (17.96mg/dL) HDLC fell 3.34% (1.65mg/dL) and AI dropped 6.58% (0.31 points), p <0.001 for all cases. TG decreased 7.02% (10.74mg/dl; p = 0.029) only in 50g yerba mate consumers. Anthropometric and nutritional variables did not change significantly. Conclusions: Daily consumption of mate produces a time-dependent decrease in TC and its fractions in dyslipidemic subjects.

Palabras clave : Ilex paraguariensis; Cholesterol; Triglycerides; LDL cholesterol; Dyslipidemia.

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