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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

GARCIA-LOYGORRI, María Cristina et al. Breast milk as a vehicle of transmission of virus. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.4-10. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.8794.

Introduction: breast milk, besides being a source of feeding for children, it can be a vehicle for transmission of some infectious diseases. Aim: to revise the main viral agents which can be acquired for children through breast milk and its possible clinical implication. Material: literature search was made in different databases and books. Results: date on the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and 2, human T-lymphotropic virus, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis A, B and C virus, herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus and other viruses are exposed in detail. Conclusions: the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and 2, human T-lymphotropic virus and cytomegalovirus in preterm newborns or low birth weight are the most frequent viruses that cause infection or illness in children as a result of its transmission through breast milk. For other viruses, such as varicella zoster, hepatitis A or hepatitis B, the immunoprophylaxis of the newborn, through the administration of immunoglobulin and vaccine, protect children against their transmission.

Keywords : Breast milk; Virus; Transmission; Newborn.

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