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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

GARCIA-MONTALVO, Iván Antonio  and  MATIAS-PEREZ, Diana. Nutritional components and macular degeneration age-related. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.50-54. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.9099.

Objetive: nutritional components such as antioxidants may modify the risk of Macular Degeneration Age-related (AMD). This article is a systematic review of published studies relating to the modification of lifestyle, nutrition and vitamin intake to prevent or delay the onset or progression of Macular Degeneration Age-related (AMD). Results: the analysis of the results of research consulted shows that AMD is one of the most common causes of blindness in individuals over 55 years. AMD is characterized by decreased vision, metamorphopsias, macropsias, micropsias and central scotoma. Disease that must be diagnosed early because it can lead to irreversible blindness. Between components of the diet in many epidemiological studies have shown an inverse association with AMD and are reviewed in this paper are: vitamins (vitamin E and C), minerals (eg. zinc, selenium, manganese and copper) and carotenoids. Conclusions: there is substantial evidence that can be applied nutritional support for patients with AMD. This requires determining the nutritional benefits of these nutrients (vitamins, minerals and carotenoids) or nutraceutical foods for health in this group of patients.

Keywords : AMD; Nutrition; Nutritional components.

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