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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MENDEZ RUIZ, Mariela et al. Comparison of psychomotor development in preschool chilean normal weight versus overweight/ obesity. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.151-155. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.9060.

Objective: to compare the DSM Nutritional distributed in three states: normal, overweight and obese. Subjects and methods: test DSM gTEPSIh 58 children (intentional sample) from a total of 150, 4 to 4.5 years, which were divided into 3 groups was applied: normal weight (n = 28); overweight (n = 18) and obese (n = 12). Weight and height were measured using a SECA scale and a bevel wall (methodology Frankfurt). Nutritional assessment was performed by BMI / age as proposed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Comparisons were made using analysis of variance, Tukey test and Kruskal-Wallis test. Box plots were used. The significance level was used in all cases α≥0,05. Results: preschool overweight and obese studied showed a driving profile classified as inferior and much lower, respectively, when they were compared with the normal weight group of preschoolers. Conclusions: overweight/obesity is a factor in the development of motor skills in preschool negatively 4 years old.

Keywords : Psychomotor development; Nutritional status; Preschool.

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