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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

LUIS, Daniel Antonio de; ALLER, Rocío; IZAOLA, Olatz  and  PACHECO, D.. Role of rs9939609 FTO gene variant in weight loss, insulin resistance and metabolic parameters after a high monounsaturated vs a high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diets. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.175-181. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.9169.

Introduction: common polymorphisms (rs9939609) of the fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) have been linked to obesity. Objectives: our aim was to investigate the role of this polymorphism on insulin resistance, metabolic changes and weight loss secondary to a high monounsaturated fat vs a high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diets. Material and methods: a sample of 233 obese subjects was enrolled in a prospective way. In the basal visit, patients were randomly allocated during 3 months to; Diet M (high monounsaturated fat hypocaloric diet) or Diet P (high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diet). Results: after treatment with two diets and in both genotypes, weight, fat mass and waist circumference decreased. Lower levels of body mass index (BMI), weight and fat mass were detected after Diet P in A allele carriers than TT genotype subjects. With the diet type P and in both genotypes (TT and AT + AA), total cholesterol levels (-15.3 + 35.1 mg/dl vs -11.6 + 32.1 mg/dl: p > 0.05) and LDL cholesterol levels (-11.5 + 34.1 mg/dl vs -8.5 + 30.1 mg/dl: p > 0.05) decreased. In A allele carriers a significant decreased was detected in insulin levels (-2.8 + 2.1 UI/L vs -1.3 + 8.0 UI/L: p < 0.05) and HOMA index (-1.0 + 1.3 vs -0.2 + 2.1: p > 0.05), too. With the diet M and in both genotype groups, leptin levels (-8.0 + 17.1 ng/ ml vs -4.9 + 18.7 ng/ml: p > 0.05) decreased. Conclusion: metabolic improvement secondary to weight loss was better in A carriers with a high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diet.

Keywords : Monounsaturated fatty acids; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Metabolic parameters; rs9939609; Obesity.

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