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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

GALVAO DE AZEVEDO, Ioná; CARNEIRO, Izabel Cristina Leal Muniz; TOMIYA, Marília Tokiko Oliveira  y  BURGOS, Maria Goretti Pessoa de Araújo. Gastric cancer and associated factors in hospitalized patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.283-290. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.9071.

Background: despite the decline in its incidence and mortality rate, gastric cancer continues to be the 4th most common tumor and the 2nd cause of death in the world. Objective(s): to analyze the factors associated with gastric cancer in hospitalized patients. Method: Transversal study of case series type made at Recife hospitals. The data were obtained from a questionnaire adapted from a previously validated model, which consists of socioeconomic factors, eating habits, lifestyle, family history of cancer, infection by H. pylori and anthropometric data. Results: among 33 patients, there was a slight prevalence of women aged ≥ 60, from rural areas, with low education and income levels. According to IMC, 57.6% were eutrophics and 69.7% at nutritional risk when used % PP. It was found that 42.4% did not undergo any examination for H. pylori, 48.5% had a genetic predisposition, 75.8% were sedentary, 60.6% smokers and former smokers, 51.5% addicted to alcohol and 36.4% were overweight patients. There was frequent consumption of salty foods, fried foods, and low intake of fruits, foods containing nitrates / nitrites and inadequate food storage. Conclusion: low socioeconomic status, physical inactivity and inappropriate diet patterns were prevalent factors for gastric cancer in the treated group.

Palabras clave : Gastric cancer; Risk factors; Diet; Lifestyle.

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