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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MARTINEZ SEGURA, Asier; CORTES CASTELL, Ernesto; RIZO BAEZA, María Mercedes  and  GIL GUILLEN, Vicente F.. Evaluation of gym users' diet with muscle dysmorphia (bigorexia). Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.324-329. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.8922.

Objective: it is an innovative study where has been analyzed the diet among gym users with Muscle Dysmorphia (MD) of gyms in the province of Alicante. Methodology: it have been analyzed 141 male gymnasts of several gyms of Alicante (urban area of southeastern Spanish) aged between 18-45 years old, who purpose increasing their muscle mass. Were considered BMI (kg/m2) and 24 hour diet. And it has been determined whether or not suffer MD trough Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale. Results: the sample consisted of 141 men, of whom 45 are MD and 96 are not according to Muscle Appearance Satisfaction. Protein intake was calculated and was greater than 1.5 g/kg/day in patients without MD and greater than 2 g/kg/day in the MD group. Analyzing the other nutrients, results show that the proportion of carbohydrates and fats and their percentages by degree of instauration are within the recommendations except cholesterol which exceeds and the amount of dietary fiber that is slightly lower. In relation to micronutrients are within the recommendations in all cases except iodine which is slightly lower in MD. Conclusion: individuals with MD do a balanced energy and adequate carbohydrate and fat diet, however protein intake values exceed the limits proposed according to the scientific evidence for muscle mass development in strength sports.

Keywords : Muscle dysmorphia; Diet; Macronutrients; Micronutrients; Recommended daily intake (RDI).

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