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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ESTEBAN LOPEZ, Marta et al. DEMOCOPHES Spain and its contribution to the harmonization of european human biomonitoring. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.1, pp.394-402. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.1.8915.

Objetive: contributing to demonstrate of the feasibility of a coordinated action on human biomonitoring in Europe (DEMOCOPHES project) and demonstrate the utility of HBM studies to assess the influence of diet and lifestyle in environmental exposures.. Methods: the EU protocol was adapted to the national requirements. The quality controls defined herein were followed and special care was taken to ensure the comparability of the results among participating countries. Results: the protocol adaptation did not shown significant difficulties. Only minor changes were applied, so the original design of the study was respected. 134 mother- child pairs were selected in one school in Añover de Tajo (Toledo) and three schools in Madrid. All volunteers donated a urine and hair sample and complete the epidemiological questionnaire. Significant differences were found in the participation rates between the sampling locations. Discussion: standardization of all steps in a human biomonitoring study is essential for its harmonized development in Europe. The results has contributed to obtain for the first time comparable data about environmental exposure in the general population within 17 EU countries showing the differences associated with diet and lifestyles. The experiences and materials developed in the fieldwork could be applied to the design and implementation of HBM studies in the future.

Palabras clave : Human biomonitoring; Mercury; Cadmium; Cotinine; Phthalates; Bisphenol A.

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