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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

BURGOS PELAEZ, Rosa et al. Pharmaconutrition in severely ill patient. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.478-486. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9324.

"Pharmaconutrient" is a term applicable to those compounds which. in addition to their nutritional function, play a role as aids in the treatment of patients with severe pathologies, including sepsis, trauma, burns and major surgery, In general, enrichment of enteral an parenteral formulas with pharmaconutrients contribute to positively modulate the inflammatory response, infection and controlling the internal milieu, which in turn can be evaluated through lower mortality, hospital and intensive care units stay, days of mechanical ventilation and other parameters allowing to asses their effects. Arginine, glutamine, nucleotides, omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidant micronutrients, make up the nucleus of pharmaconutrients used with that aim, usually as mixtures of them. In the present review current evidence about the effects, indications, limitations, doses, potential adverse risks and even counter-indications is analysed.

Keywords : Pharmaconutrition; Pharmaconutrient; Arginine; Glutamine; Nucletoides; Omega-3 Fatty Acids; Antioxidants.

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