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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

HERNANDEZ-LEPE, Marco Antonio et al. Spirulina and its hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects in humans: a systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.494-500. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9100.

Several chronic transmissible (e.g. AIDS) and non transmissible diseases like cadiovascular disease, are associated with oxidative stress (EOX) and dyslipidemia. Has been reported that Spirulina can reduce them, this has been demonstrated in vitro and in animal models but scarcely in humans. Through a systematic review on last 5 years (keywords: Spirulina AND cholesterol, Spirulina AND oxidative stress) 8 intervention studies with humans were reported, finding that oral (1-10 g/d) subchronic (0.5-6 month) administration of Spirulina appears to have and hypolipidemic and antioxidant effect. However, no study was properly randomized and/or controlled and no biological mechanism was proposed to support these findings. The level of evidence and the absence of appropriate experimental designs do not allow validating Spirulina as a functional food for preventing dyslipidemic diseases and EOX, and hereby decrease the CVD. We do not found papers relating harmful effect.

Keywords : Cyanobacterium; Functional foods; Lipids; Dyslipidemia; Antioxidants.

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