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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


FERNANDES, Dalila Pinto de Souza; QUEIROZ RIBEIRO, Andréia; LOPES DUARTE, Maria Sônia  and  FRANCESCHINI, Sylvia do Carmo Castro. Systematic review of healthy eating indexes in adults and elderly: applicability and validity. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.510-516. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) assesses a combination of different types of foods, nutrients and dietary components. It has been adapted in some countries, considering the local dietary habits. Objective: in this article, the Healthy Eating Indexes published to date were identified by means of a systematic review. Besides, issues relating to their validity, applicability and limitations were discussed. Methods: an electronic search was performed in the PUBMED, SCIENCE DIRECT, BVS and SciELO data base containing studies on the adaptation, review, update or validation of the HEI. The descriptors Healthy Eating Index, Index of Diet Quality, Quality of diet, Diet surveys were used, in different combinations. Results: a total of 11 studies were described and critically analyzed. One of the studies dealt with the development of the index; six proposed adjustments; two assessed validity and reliability of the index, and the other two proposed revision and update. The Healthy Eating Indexes reveal the actual quality of the diet, but the absence of a methodological standard hinders the comparison of the results found in different populations.

Keywords : Quality of diet; Diet surveys; Diet; Healthy Eating Index.

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