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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

SANTOS, Carla Adriana; PEREIRA, Marta; SANTOS MARTINS, Vera  and  FONSECA, Jorge. Traqueoesophageal fistula patients fed through percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy/gastrojejunostomy: nutritional status and clinical outcome. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.691-695. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9078.

Background: tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) may result from cancer or mechanical ventilation. Endoscopic Gastrostomy or Gastrojejunostomy (PEG/PEG-J) is used for nutritional support. Objective: in TEF-patients, evaluating nutritional status when PEG is performed, safety of PEG/PEG-J and clinical outcome. Methods: from the files of PEG/PEG-J feed TEF-patients we collected: clinical data, Body Mass Index, albumin, transferrin and cholesterol when gastrostomy was performed, and clinical outcome globally and according with the TEF cause: Group 1: complication of mechanical ventilation, Group 2: cancer. Results: twelve patients, 18-91 years (median: 53), 11 PEG, one PEG-J: six complications of ventilation (neurological diseases), 6 cancers. Mean period from TEF diagnosis until gastrostomy: 2 months in Group 1, 10 months in Group 2. In the day of the gastrostomy, patients presented with malnutrition parameters, most strikingly in the cancer group. Group 1: died a single patient, 3 closed the TEF, resuming oral intake, 2 are still PEG-feed. All cancer patients died (7 months after gastrostomy). One needed a jejunal extension to create a PEG-J. No more complications. Conclusion: PEG/PEG-J was safe in TEF-patients, but cancer patients underwent gastrostomy too late. In TEF-patients, PEG/PEG-J should be considered in a regular basis, earlier in the disease evolution, before established malnutrition.

Keywords : Tracheoesophageal fistula; Nutrition; Gastrostomy; Gastrojejunostomy; PEG.

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