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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ILLESCA, Paola Guadalupe et al. Trans fatty acids modify nutritional parameters and triacylglycerol metabolism in rats: differential effects at recommended and high-fat levels. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.738-748. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9190.

Introduction: there is still little evidence on the metabolic trans fatty acids (TFA) effects at recommended fat levels. Objective: to investigate the differential TFA effects on some nutritional parameters, TFA retention, and triacylglycerol (TAG) regulation in rats fed recommended and high-fat diets. Methods: male Wistar rats were fed (30 days) diets containing recommended (7%,w/w) or high-fat (20%,w/w) levels, supplemented or not with TFA (C7, C20, TFA7 and TFA20). Results: TFA7 (vs.C7) rats showed an increased body weight associated with higher fat pads and liver and serum TAG. The hypertriacylglyceridaemia was related to a decreased muscle LPL activity, while the higher hepatic TAG content was associated with both an increased SREBP-1c gene expression and ACC activity, and a reduced CPT-Ia gene expression. The TFA20 diet did not potentiate the higher body weight, fat pads and TAG levels induced by the C20 diet. Although the hepatic TAG-secretion rate (TAG-SR) increased by TFA20 vs. C20, the same triacylglyceridaemia was associated with a compensatory increase of the adipose tissue LPL activity. The attenuated hepatic TAG accretion in TFA20 was related to an increase of TAG-SR and to a lower increase of SREBP-1c and SCD1 mRNA expressions, paralleled to a relative decrease of SCD1 index and ACC activity. Discussion and conclusion: TFA alters nutritional parameters and lipid metabolism in rats. However, different responses to the TFA on TAG levels and their regulation were observed between rats fed recommended and high-fat diets. These divergences might be related to different tissue TFA retentions and rumenic acid bioconversion.

Keywords : Isomer retention; Triacylglycerol-secretion rate; Lipoprotein lipase; Lipid regulation; Lipid accretion.

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