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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ARAUJO, Camila Guedes Borges de et al. Relationship between zincemia, superoxide dismutase activity and marker of oxidative stress in women with breast cancer. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.785-791. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9204.

Introduction: studies show changes in zinc metabolism in women with breast cancer. This mineral has antioxidant action, and disorders in its biochemical parameters are related to poor prognosis of the disease and increase in the carcinogenic process. Objective: this study evaluated the activity of enzyme superoxide dismutase and biochemical parameters related to zinc, and investigated the existence of correlation between these variables and the marker of oxidative stress in these patients. Methods: this was a case-control study with 66 women aged between 20 and 50 years old, distributed into: case group (women with breast cancer, n = 34) and control group (healthy women, n = 32). Zinc intake was analyzed by three-day food diary, using Nutwin software, version 1.5. Plasma and erythrocyte zinc concentrations were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry method (λ = 213.9). Superoxide dismutase activity was assessed by Griess colorimetric method, and plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were analyzed. Results and discussion: mean levels of zinc intake, superoxide dismutase and TBARS were higher than recommended for the study participants with statistical difference for enzyme superoxide dismutase (p<0.05). Mean plasma and erythrocyte concentrations of zinc were reduced in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusions: therefore, it can be assumed that zinc intake in women with breast cancer does not impact plasma and erythrocyte concentrations of this mineral. High superoxide dismutase activity in women with breast cancer may be due to a compensatory mechanism of regulation via oxidative stress found in this disease.

Keywords : Breast neoplasms; Zinc; Superoxide dismutase; Oxidative stress.

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