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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

COLLS GARRIDO, Christian; GOMEZ-URQUIZA, José Luis; CANADAS-DE LA FUENTE, Guillermo Arturo  y  FERNANDEZ-CASTILLO, Rafael. Use, effects, and knowledge of the nutritional supplements for the sport in university students. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.837-844. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.8057.

Background: consumption and marketing of supplements that help improve athletic performance has increased in semi-professional sport. Moreover, in the market are increasingly a wide variety of such products pressure and high performance requirements push many young athletes to have recourse to the use of supplements to improve your fitness. However, this type of treatment should be advised and guided by an expert since improper use of such supplements favors the appearance of adverse effects and can be harmful to the health of the individual. Objective: to know the use of supplements to improve athletic performance by college athletes methods: was a systematic review in the Pubmed database, care, BIREME CUIDEN, BIREME (IBECS y Scielo) and CINHAL limited to articles published in the last ten years. Results: 25 articles were analyzed. The main themes were found in the literature reviewed have been three: the "levels of supplements to increase athletic performance in college students", "effect of sports supplements" and "knowledge, behaviors and motivations for sports supplements". Conclusions: taking into account that the around 55% of University athletes using supplements but show a lack significant knowledge is necessary to provide a health education on such supplements.

Palabras clave : Dietary supplements; Sport; Public health; Health education; Students.

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