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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

DELGADO FLOODY, Pedro et al. Evaluation of a comprehensive program of four months of duration on the preoperative conditions of obese patients candidates for bariatric surgery. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.3, pp.1022-1027. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.3.9350.

Introduction: in the morbidly obese there is preoperative background that must be improved to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality. Objective: to evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary treatment on anthropometric parameters, fasting glucose, physical condition and levels of depression and anxiety of morbidly obese patients with co-morbidities and obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Methods: four men and ten women between 21 and 55 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, with morbidly (n = 5) or obesity and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus type II, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance) (n = 9) they underwent multidisciplinary treatment such as; Interval exercise, counseling and nutrition education, three times a week for four months. Before and 72 hours after the last intervention session was evaluated (≥12 hours fasting): body mass, body fat percentage (% fat), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and glycemia basal. Besides fitness and levels of depression and anxiety were evaluated. Results: significant decreases were evident in variable weight (p = 0.004), BMI (p = 0.000),% FM (p = 0.001), baseline glycemia (p = 0.02), WC (p = 0.000), the condition physical significantly increased (p = 0.000), in the psychological, levels of depression decreased significantly (p = 0.014), whereas the levels of anxiety as a state; transitory emotional condition and trait anxiety; anxious propensity relatively stable, there were no significant changes (p>0.05). Conclusions: four months of treatment improve preoperative conditions of obese candidates for bariatric surgery and reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality.

Keywords : Exercise; Obesity; Morbid obesity; Depression; Anxiety.

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