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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

RESTREPO-MESA, Sandra Lucía et al. Teen mother and newborn nutritional status in a group of teenagers of the city of Medellin. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.3, pp.1300-1307. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.3.9406.

Introduction: in developing countries, including Colombia, teen pregnancy is a public health problem. It brings social, health and nutritional consequences for the mother/son binomial. Objective: to assess demographic, socioeconomic, food security, health and nutritional status characteristics in a group of pregnant teenagers and their newborns. Methodology: a cross sectional analytical study was performed in 294 pregnant teenagers in their third trimester of pregnancy enrolled in the prenatal care programs of the public network of hospitals in Medellin-Colombia between 2011 and 2012. Association between the mother's body mass index, iron nutritional status and newborn's weight at birth using explicative variables was assessed. Results: monthly incomes under a minimum salary were associated with low mother's weight and newborns small for gestational age. Low gestational weight was higher in pregnant women under 15 years of age and with a gynecological age under five years. The prevalence of anemia was low in the first trimester and increased at the end of pregnancy; 5.6% had adequate iron reserves. Low weight at birth was associated with infections and mother's low weight in the third trimester of pregnancy. Conclusion: teenage pregnancy is a complex problem associated with negative effects in the nutritional, health and social status of the girl and their newborn.

Keywords : Nutritional status; Adolescent pregnancy; Body mass index; Iron-deficiency; Birth weight.

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