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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

SANHUEZA CATALAN, Julio; DURAN AGUERO, Samuel  and  TORRES GARCIA, Jairo. The fatty acids and relationship with health. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.3, pp.1362-1375. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.3.9276.

The functionality of the eukaryotic cell depends on the cell membrane, the genetic information and action of different organelles with or without the presence of membranes. The functionality of the cell membrane and organelles containing it depends primarily on the type and location of fatty acids in the phospholipids and the type of enzymes associated with them, this allows the fatty acids to be metabolized to new species that exert various functions. From this perspective, some essential fatty acids (EFAs) that produce metabolites that exert health benefits are identified, (for example antiinflammatory, neuroprotection, etc) and exert negative effects metabolites (eg inflammation, necrosis promoters, atheroma, etc.) are also generated. In general, these adverse or beneficial effects depend on the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 obtained in the diet. Thus, the higher this ratio is more negative effect; therefore the challenge of the current supply is obtained through food consumption, lower ratios in these fatty acids. The present review aims to present recent evidence on the effects of some AGEs, and the role of diet in maintaining health.

Keywords : Essential fatty acids; Linoleic acid; Alpha linolenic acid; Omega-3; Omega-6.

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