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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ESCORTELL SANCHEZ, Raquel  y  REIG GARCIA-GALBIS, Manuel. Enteral nutrition on the nutritional status of cancer. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.4, pp.1408-1416. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.4.9227.

Objective: to identify what effect causes enteral nutrition on nutritional status of cancer. Method: a search was performed using the keywords "Cancer" AND "Enteral Nutrition" AND "Supplementation" in four document databases: Pubmed, EBSCO, ProQuest, and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria: age of the sample, major than 18 years; submitted to surgery for cancer; that the intervention program was including diet and employment or not of nutritional Supplementation; clinical trials published between January 2004 and December 2014, in scientific journals indexed. Results: we analyzed 660 articles, of which only 2% has been included. 58% of intervention programs are applied outside Spain; 84% of the interventions was carried out in a hospitable ambient; 58% of the sample is formed by adults older than 54 years; 33% of the interventions were multidisciplinary and its duration ranges between 1 and 4 years. Discussion: we found just a few national interventions in cancer participants and there two types of interventions: by exclusive polymeric enteral formula or mixed with immunonutrition. Conclusions: enteral nutrition shows against the parenteral and its introduction at an early stage, it helps to improve nutritional status of the patient; polymeric formulas next immunonutrition, it helps to reduce the time of hospitalization; the analytical parameters are shown as a measurement pattern when assessing the improvement in nutritional status in cancer. It is recommended to increase the research in this field, especially in children.

Palabras clave : Cancer; Enteral nutrition; supplementation.

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