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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

VAQUERO CRISTOBAL, Raquel; LOPEZ MINARRO, Pedro A.; ALACID CARCELES, Fernando  y  ESPARZA ROS, Francisco. The effects of the pilates method on hamstring extensibility, pelvic tilt and trunk flexion. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.5, pp.1967-1986. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.5.9678.

Introduction: Pilates includes a high volume of hamstring stretching and maximal trunk flexion with knees extended exercises. Objective: to perform a systematic review about Pilates practice effects and a detraining period on hamstring extensibility, pelvic tilt and trunk flexion in maximal trunk flexion with knees extended. Method: it was analysed all the experimental or quasi-experimental designs written in English, Spanish or Portuguese and included in the following databases: Pubmed, Sports Discus, ISI Web of Knowledge, Dialnet and Research Gate. Results and discussion: twenty-one papers were analysed. Most of them used a pre-test-post-test design with control group. The intervention programs applied were heterogeneous. Samples were composed mainly of women, both young and old. It was found that the Pilates practice, with different volume, significantly increased hamstring muscle extensibility and pelvic tilt in maximal trunk flexion. At least three training sessions peer week during six weeks were necessary in order to obtain a high trunk inclination. Studies which involved athletes showed contradictory results. By inducing a detraining period it was noticed a decrease in hamstring extensibility and trunk flexion from the second week. Conclusions: there is a moderate evidence that Pilates is an effective method to increase hamstring extensibility, pelvic tilt and the degree of trunk flexion in maximal flexion positions in sedentary and recreational active people and also to increase hamstring extensibility in athletes.

Palabras clave : Physical exercise; Physical fitness; Back; Hamstring stretching; Pelvis.

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