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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

CAAMANO NAVARRETE, Felipe; ALARCON HORMAZABAL, Manuel  y  DELGADO FLOODY, Pedro. Levels of obesity, metabolic profile, consumption of tabaco and blood pressure in sedentary youths. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.5, pp.2000-2006. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.5.9619.

Background: in Chile, the National Health Survey (ENS) conducted in 2009-2010 reported high prevalence of overweight, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol and metabolic syndrome in the population. Objective: to determine the prevalence in young sedentary obesity and consumption of tabaco and analyze their association with the metabolic profile, body fat percentage and blood pressure. Patients and Methods: 125 young sedentary, 26 men and 99 women, aged between 17 and 29 years old were evaluated. Body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (% fat), waist contour (CC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides: measurements were performed, glycemia and consumption of snuff. Results: HDL-C (p = 0.000) and% MG (p = 0.043) were higher in women. 37.6% of young people turned smoker. 35, 2% of the sample showed excessive malnutrition. Obese subjects had higher levels: waist contour (p = 0.000) and% FM (p = 0.000). When analyzing obesity DC, this showed significant differences in BMI,% fat, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. BMI presented positive association with CC,% fat, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). The CC presented association with MG%, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure and diastolic (p < 0.05). The MG% did not present association with other variables Conclusions: a high prevalence of malnutrition by excess consumption of tabaco in the study sample, while other variables are not high-risk categories, it is an opportune time to intervene and reverse these negative health trends now.

Palabras clave : Obesity; University students; Cardiovascular risk; Sedentary.

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