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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

DELGADO FLOODY, Pedro et al. Twelve weeks of physical exercise interval with surcharge improves the anthropometric variables of obese morbid and obese with comorbidities candidates to bariatric surgery. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.5, pp.2007-2011. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.5.9610.

Introduction: for the morbid obesity the bariatric surgery is effective, but to major preoperative weight it might increase morbidity and mortality, for such a motive it is necessary to implement programs that improve this condition. Objective: to determine the effects of a program of physical exercise interval on the anthropometric profile of the morbidly obese and obese with comorbidities candidates to bariatric surgery. Material and methods: three men and twenty-five women between 18 and 60 years old candidates to bariatric surgery, with morbid obesity (n = 16) or obese and comorbidities (type-II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance) (n = 12), they were subjected to a program of physical exercise with interval overload of three months duration (36 sessions). Before and 72 hours after the last intervention session was evaluated on fasting (≥ 12 hours): body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist contour (WC) and contour hip. Results: the average age corresponds to 36.96 years, prior to intervention the weight had an average of 102.66 ± 15.96 kg, BMI of 40.84 ± 4.94, the WC 114.22 ± 10.35 cm and the contour hip 126.84 ± 10.65 cm. After twelve weeks of intervention showed significant decreases in weight variables (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.001), WC (p = 0.000) and hip contour (0.000). Conclusions: twelve weeks of interval exercise improved preoperative anthropometric conditions, without presenting risks in health and with high adherence to the program, which is why it may be recommended for this type of treatment.

Keywords : Obesity; Morbid obesity; Physical exercise.

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