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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

GONZALEZ ROSENDO, Guillermina; VILLANUEVA SANCHEZ, Javier; ALCANTAR RODRIGUEZ, Victor Eduardo  and  QUINTERO GUTIERREZ, Adrián Guillermo. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in full time schools Morelos, México. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2588-2593. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.8943.

Introduction: in Mexico, although there are low intakes of some nutrients; there are higher total energy, fat and sodium and common inadequate physical activity in schools, which originates the presence of overweight and obesity. Objetive: the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children full- time state of Morelos (Mexico). Subjects and methods: a cross sectional study in 30 966 students 3-15 years attending 186 schools. The nutritional status was obtained through the Body Mass Index, considering the age and sex; weight was measured with SECA 813 scales and height with stadiometer SECA 213; international benchmarks were used. Results: 36 482 boys and girls censused, it's measured at 30 966 (84.9%) attended the day of visit. The overall prevalence of underweight was close to 8%, and the combined prevalence of overweight and obesity exceeded 25%. Were higher prevalences of underweight and obesity in men. Conclusions: one in 12 children are underweight; one in four, overweight and one in nine obese. The male population is more vulnerable to suffer consequences for nutritional deficiencies and excesses. Specific studies are needed to differentiate and address obesity primary type and associated risks to define future actions.

Keywords : Overweight; Obesity; Schoolchildren; Adolescents.

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