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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MIRANDA-RIOS, L. Lizette et al. Energy consumption, the distribution of macronutrients and BMI in mothers and their Mexican schoolchildren. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2622-2632. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9542.

Objective: to identify the association between the percentage of adequacy of energy and protein and the distribution of macronutrients and sugar in the diets of mothers and schoolchildren with their respective BMI. Methods: in a cross-sectional study, 174 5-12-year-old schoolchildren and their mothers were randomly selected. BMI was measured, and 24-hour dietary surveys were administered on weekdays and weekends. The associations between the dietetic indicators in the mothers and their children and the BMI of the mothers and their children were assessed. The chi-square test, linear regression and odds ratio were used for analysis. Results: excessive energy consumption in the mothers increased the risk of excessive energy consumption in their daughters by 11-fold (p=0.04). Maternal lipid intake was associated with the consumption of lipids in their sons and daughters (p<0.001 and p=0.005, respectively), and mothers' carbohydrate consumption was associated with their daughters' consumption (p=0.004). Mothers' excessive sugar consumption increased the risk of excessive sugar consumption in their sons and daughters by 4- to 5-fold. Obese mothers had higher proportions of obese children [RM 15.5 (95% CI 1.8, 132), p=0.003]. Conclusions: the excessive energy consumption of mothers is a risk for excessive energy consumption in their children, differentiated by gender. Maternal obesity reflects an obesogenic environment and represents a risk factor for obesity in their children.

Keywords : Mother-child diet; Percentage of energy adequacy; Macronutrient distribution; BMI.

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